For phage AB1, the lysate supernatant of phage amplification was used directly in thermal stability tests without any additional substance added to LB medium. To demonstrate the mechanism of its notable thermal resistance, more experiments need to be done. Nowadays, Torin 2 concentration phage therapy has regained much attention due to the emergence of drug resistant pathogens and the dearth of new antibiotics in pipeline. In this study, phage AB1 specific to A. baumannii was isolated and characterized. The virus had some outstanding aspects including rapid growth nature, high pH stability, and high thermal resistance. All these characters made this phage very promised
for possible applications in eradication of A. baumannii contaminations and or treatment of A. baumannii infections. However, there was a great diversity of surface antigens existed among the isolated clinical A. baumannii strains [22, 36, 37] and individual phage like AB1 with narrow host range was not suitable to be used directly . In the future, more phages
need to be isolated for preparations of cocktails which might be the best choice for phage applications. Conclusions Characterization of phage AB1 showed that it was very efficient in lysing A. baunannii, combined with its outstanding thermal stability, it may be a good candidate to be used as an alternative nontoxic Pifithrin-�� solubility dmso green sanitizer. However, host range tests showed phage AB1 did not
infect other A. Eltanexor chemical structure baunannii clinical strains included in this study, suggesting that more virulent bacteriophages specific to different A. baunannii strains need to be screened and collected in future. A pool of lytic phages might be more useful against A. baunannii strains for possible phage applications. Materials and methods Bacterial strains This study included a clinical strain of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia KD335 and 5 clinical strains of Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumannii complex, KD311, KD312, KD331, KD332, and KD334. All of them were isolated from hospitalized patients at Tianjin Children’s Hospital, Tianjin, P. R. China. Also, other bacteria strains were used in phage host range test, including Ergoloid Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAK and PAO1 lab strains. Identification of bacterial strains by sequencing the 16s rRNA gene Clinical strains were confirmed by sequencing the 16s rRNA gene. Supernatant from boiled bacterial cells suspended in distilled water was used directly as PCR templates. Universal primers, 27f (5′ AGA GTT TGA TCC TGG CTC AG 3′) and 1492r (5′ GGT TAC CTT GTT ACG ACT T 3′), were adopted to amplify the 16s rRNA genes . Purified PCR products were sequenced directly with primers. Sequences of 16s rRNA genes were deposited in GenBank under accession numbers FJ871007 (KD311), FJ871004 (KD312), FJ871006 (KD331), FJ871002 (KD332), FJ871003 (KD334), and FJ871005 (KD335).