All HBV plasmids expressed detectable HBsAg and HBeAg in mice sera (Figure 6). As compared to the control mice (HBV+L1254), B245 and B376 treatments reduced HBsAg expression by over 99% in all five HBV genotypes. Furthermore, B1581 and B1789 treatments suppressed HBsAg by over ACY-1215 concentration 99% in mice infected with HBV genotypes A, B, C and D. In a novel W29 strain representing genotype I however, B1581 and B1789 treatments only reduced HBsAg expression by about 90%.
With regards to serum HBeAg for genotypes A, B, C, D and I, B245, B376, B1581 and B1789 treatments suppressed HBeAg by 96%~99%, 79%~99%, 94%~99%, and 89%~99%, respectively. The overview of the results shows that B245 is the most
potent agent. Figure 6 Kinetics of serum HBV antigen (HBsAg and HBeAg) of various HBV genotypes in RNAi-treated mice. For each group (each line in the figure), the experiment was repeated using two different groups of five mice. Due to limited serum resources, each sample was diluted 10-fold. (A) Genotype Ae (N10 group), (B) Genotype Ba (C4371 group), (C) Genotype AZD1390 research buy C1 (Y1021 group), (D) Genotype D1 (Y10 group), (E) Genotype I1 (W29 group). Discussion Activated RNAi pathway can silence HBV replication and expression [13, 14]. However, in most previous studies, the activity of RNAi against HBV is often evaluated with only one HBV strain [15–18]. Nine HBV genotypes (including a newly identified genotype “”I”"), designated as the letters A through I, have been recognized with an accompanying sequence divergence of >8% over the entire genome selleck chemicals llc [19–21]. The influence of genotypes on HBV replication efficacy and antigen expression level had been proved to be various and that may further associate with clinical outcomes and antiviral treatments responses . Hence, RNAi designed for one genotype may not necessarily be effective against another genotype. Given the high heterogeneity of HBV strains and the sensitivity of siRNA to the sequence changes,
designing siRNA targets against the conservative site on HBV genome is essential to ensure activity across all genotypes . In shRNA expression systems, two different promoters are predominantly used: U6 and H1, both driven by human polymerase III (poly III). Compared to Pol II promoters, Pol III promoters generally possess a greater capacity to synthesize RNA BMN 673 concentration transcripts of a higher yield and rarely induce interferon responses [17, 24]. However, a previous study noted that U6 Pol III-expressed shRNAs may cause serious toxicity in vivo by saturating the endogenous miR pathway . In this report, we constructed 40 shRNA plasmids (Table 1) with various targets, using a human H1 Pol III promoter.