Dynamic light scattering was used to determine the nanocapsule size and polydispersity (0.14-0.20). The release of sodium salicylate from the nanocapsules was monitored by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. All of the results indicate that the fabrication of core-shell nanocapsules with the water-soluble active chemical as the core via RIEP was successful. (C) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 115: 1630-1634, 2010″
“The effects of protein content (6%, 12% or 18%, db),
moisture content (15%, 18% or 21%, wb), temperature (set temperature of the final barrel section-100, 120 or 140 degrees C) and a leavening agent (0.5% sodium bicarbonate) on the direct expansion characteristics of pea flour were determined with a twin-screw, co-rotating extruder. The various levels of protein were obtained by blending air-classified pea starch Liproxstatin1 (6% protein, 85% starch) and pea flour (24% protein. 56% starch). Extrusion of pea flour containing 6% protein and 15% moisture at a set temperature
of 120 degrees C resulted in expansion indices (Els) of 3.3 and 3.6, respectively, in the absence or presence of the leavening agent. El decreased, and extrudate bulk, particle densities and hardness increased with Alvocidib solubility dmso increase in protein or moisture content. Lysine losses were proportionally lower at higher protein and moisture contents. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Objective. The cellular events, underlying bone regeneration through rat mandibular distraction osteogenesis ( DO) was examined using micro computerized tomography (mu CT), histology, and histochemistry.
Study design. After 5-day latency, mandibles were distracted at Navitoclax in vivo 0.2 mm/12 h for 10 days, and fixed at latency 5 days (L5D), distraction 3, 6, 10 days (D3D, D6D, D10D), and consolidation 1, 3, 6, 10 weeks (C1W, C3W, C6W, C10W).
Results. The mu CT demonstrated radiopacity at the distraction gap (DG) during
C1W, which was filled with new bone at C6W and C10W. At D3D, collagen fibers were aligned along the axis of the distraction vector. At D6D, alkaline phosphatase-positive osteoblasts and intramembranous ossification was observed. Collagen bundles became thicker with new bony trabeculae at D10D. Type II collagen-immunopositive areas first appeared at C1W. At C3W, cartilage tissue and endochondral ossification were found. By C6W, the entire DG had been bridged by new bone. The C10W specimens showed mature lamellar bone.
Conclusion. Mandibular DO produces bone through both intramembranous and endochondral ossification. (Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2009;107:325-335)”
“Background Dermoscopic screening facilitates early detection of melanoma and is recommended in patients with multiple or atypical nevi. Objectives To investigate whether dermoscopic features of acquired melanocytic nevi differ between six body sites (neck, axilla, pectoral area, shoulders, buttocks, legs) and the trunk.