“The milling of corn for the production of food constituen

“The milling of corn for the production of food constituents results in a number of low-value co-products. Two of the major co-products produced by this operation AZD1480 cell line are corn bran and corn fiber, which currently have low commercial value. This review

focuses on current and prospective research surrounding the utilization of corn fiber and corn bran in the production of potentially higher-value food components. Corn bran and corn fiber contain potentially useful components that may be harvested through physical, chemical or enzymatic means for the production of food ingredients or additives, including corn fiber oil, corn fiber gum, cellulosic fiber gels, xylo-oligosaccharides and ferulic acid. Components of corn bran and corn fiber may also NVP-HSP990 clinical trial be converted to food chemicals such

as vanillin and xylitol. Commercialization of processes for the isolation or production of food products from corn bran or corn fiber has been met with numerous technical challenges, therefore further research that improves the production of these components from corn bran or corn fiber is needed. Published 2010 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.”
“Background and objective: To determine the prevalence of health care workers (HCW) susceptibility to varicella zoster virus (VZV). As a secondary objective, we describe the immunogenicity and reactogenicity of the vaccine.\n\nSubjects and methods: A multicenter analytic cross-sectional study was conducted in 5 hospitals in Catalonia, Spain, in a total of 1,111 HCW, aged between 18-60 years. We studied the prevalence of anti-VZV antibodies (IgG) and obtained demographic, occupational and AG-014699 in vitro health related variables that were expected to be associated with immunogenicity, as well as past history of varicella. All susceptible HCW were vaccinated and we studied the immunogenicity (antibody detection) and reactogenicity of the 1st and 2nd doses of the vaccine. Detection of antibodies against VZV was obtained

by ELISA. All negative results were confirmed with FAMA.\n\nResults: Forty two subjects (3.8%) were negative. Susceptibility to VZV was associated (p < 0.05) with decreased age (29.6 years +/- 8.5 vs. 32,5 +/- 9,3 in non-susceptible individuals), having fewer siblings and having no previous clinical history of varicella. Postvaccination detection tests with ELISA showed a seroconversion rate of 52 and 86% after the 1st and 2nd doses of the vaccine respectively, and 100% when using FAMA. There were no significant adverse events.\n\nConclusions: Susceptibility to varicella among HCW is low. Positive past history of varicella is a good predictor of previous exposure to VZV, since 99% (687/696) of the individuals that declared having experienced the disease were immune. This would avoid prevaccination screening in nearly two thirds of HCW. (C) 2010 Elsevier Espana, S.L. All rights reserved.

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