The histone H2AX is phosphorylated, and phosphorylated H2AX makes

The histone H2AX is phosphorylated, and phosphorylated H2AX makes a focus. The phosphorylated H2AX focus is regarded as recruiting mediators of repair factors of DNA DSBs. Although most of the initial phosphorylated H2AX foci disappear with the repair of DNA DSBs, a few foci remain, and whether these residual DSBs are correlated with radiosensitivity is not clear. Therefore, we examined the correlation between residual DSBs and cellular radiosensitivity after ionizing radiation. We found that half of the non-irradiated normal cells had a few phosphorylated H2AX foci constantly, and most of the cells irradiated with less than 1% of the colony-forming dose had phosphorylated

H2AX foci even 5 days after irradiation. Some tumor cell lines had phosphorylated H2AX foci even under non-irradiated conditions. Galardin research buy These results indicate that residual phosphorylated H2AX foci

may show loss of colony-forming potential after irradiation in normal cell lines. However, results suggested that there was not a close correlation between residual foci and radiosensitivity in some tumor cell lines, which showed high expression of endogenous phosphorylated H2AX foci. Moreover, micronuclei induced by X-ray irradiation had phosphorylated H2AX foci, but phosphorylated ATM, phosphorylated DNA-PKcs, and 53BPI foci were not co-localized. These results suggest Rabusertib cell line that DNA DSBs may be not a direct cause of micronuclei generation or H2AX phosphorylation. (227 words)”
“Using first-principles method within the framework of the density functional theory,

we study the formation energies and the binding energies of multiple hydrogen-mercury vacancy complex impurities (nH-V(Hg), n = 1,2,3,4) in Hg(0.75)Cd(0.25)Te. We find that, when mercury vacancies exist in Hg(0.75)Cd(0.25)Te, the formation of the complex impurity between H and V(Hg) (1H-V(Hg)) is easy and its binding energy is up to 0.56 eV. In this case, the deep acceptor level of mercury vacancy is passivated. As the hydrogen concentration increases, we find that the complex impurity between V(Hg) and two hydrogen atoms (2H-V(Hg)) is more stable than 1H-V(Hg). This complex passivates both the two acceptor levels introduced by mercury vacancy and neutralizes the p-type dopant characteristics of V(Hg) in Hg(0.75)Cd(0.25)Te. Moreover, we find that the complex impurities formed by one V(Hg) and three or four H atoms (3H-V(Hg), 4H-V(Hg)) are still stable in Hg(0.75)Cd(0.25)Te, changing the V(Hg) doped p-type Hg(0.75)Cd(0.25)Te to n-type material. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3631779]“
“The depletion of cholesterol from membranes, mediated by beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CD) is well known and documented, but the molecular details of this process are largely unknown.

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