Results: The average incidence of NAS was 15% The major clinical

Results: The average incidence of NAS was 15%. The major clinical risk factor for the development of NAS was PSC in the recipient. The presence of the MMP-2 CT genotype in donor and/or recipient was associated with a significantly higher incidence

of NAS, up to 29% when both donor and recipient had the MMP-2 CT genotype (P = 0.003). In the multivariate analyses, pre-OLT PSC (hazard ratio 2.1, P = 0.02) and MMP-2 CT genotype (hazard ratio 3.5, P = 0.003) were found to be independent risk factors for the development of NAS after OLT. No obvious association was found between NAS and the MMP-9 genotype and serum levels of the MMPs. Conclusion: selleck chemicals MMP-2 CT genotype of donor and recipient is an independent risk factor, in addition to PSC, for the development of NAS after OLT.”
“Phase-change materials like thin films from the systems [Ge1-xPbx]Te and Ge[Te1-xSex] are of interest for data storage. For these compositions amorphous materials

can not be obtained by melt quenching. However, Suitable films can be obtained using RF sputtering. Spark plasma sintering (SPS) was used to densify the powders to obtain large targets. Synthesis conditions and characterisations of the targets are reported. Amorphous nano films were obtained using the sintered targets and characterised.”
“The objective of this study was to implement a low-cost airborne remote sensing system Selleckchem FK506 HDAC inhibitors in clinical trials to provide an alternative solution for remote sensing given the difficulty in obtaining cloud-free satellite scenes of the equatorial region. An inexpensive sensor, a Kodak DC 290 digital camera, was used, onboard a light aircraft, Cessna 172Q. The feasibility of using camera images for

remote sensing applications was tested for quantifying total suspended solids (TSS) from three estuaries located in the northern region of Peninsular Malaysia. The aircraft was flown at altitudes of 914.4 to 2438.4 m for digital image acquisition of the study areas. Water samples were collected simultaneously with the aircraft overpasses and their locations were determined by using a hand-held Global Positioning System (GPS). Oblique images were corrected for brightness variation. A simple relative atmospheric correction was performed on the multidate images. The captured colour images were then separated into three bands (red, green and blue) for multispectral analysis. The digital numbers (DNs) were extracted corresponding to the sea data locations for each band. A multiband regression algorithm was developed based on a reflectance model, which is a function of the inherent optical properties of water, and this in turn can be related to the concentration of the TSS. Data from different scenes were combined and then divided into two sets, one for calibration of the algorithm and the other for a validation analysis.

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