“In this study, bitter and sweet lupin (Lupinus albus L) s

“In this study, bitter and sweet lupin (Lupinus albus L) seed oils (BLO and SLO) were extracted using the soxhlet extraction method. The physicochemical properties, fatty acid compositions, thermal properties, H-1 NMR, FTIR and UV visible spectra of BLO and SLO were evaluated. In addition, the antioxidant properties of bitter and sweet lupin seeds CYT387 and their oils were also studied. The results showed that the bitter and sweet lupin seeds consist of 8% and

12% of oil, respectively. BLO and SLO contained high concentration of oleic acid (46.28 and 48.72%), followed by linoleic acid (21.55 and 20.90%), linolenic acid (7.69 and 8.95%), and palmitic acid (7.39 and 7.5%). The total tocopherol content of BLO and SLO were 184.70 and 317.01 mg/100 g oil, respectively.

TG/DTG curves showed that the process thermal decomposition of the oils occurs in four phases for SLO and three phases for BLO. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All Copanlisib rights reserved.”

To evaluate the value of sonographic measurement of cervical length as a predictor of abortion or delivery within 24 h by misoprostol in second trimester termination of pregnancy (TOP).

Material and Methods:

One hundred and sixty-three women underwent TOP between 14 and 26 weeks of pregnancy due to various indications. The primary outcome was abortion within 24 h. Cervical length was measured before transvaginal administration of misoprostol. The effects of cervical length, total misoprostol dose, parity, and gestational age at diagnosis on successful TOP were evaluated.


One hundred and sixty-three women were eligible who met the inclusion criteria. TOP occurred

in 80.5% of patients within 24 h. Parous women had shorter prolonged induction to expulsion period over 24 h (14.1% vs 28.6%, P = 0.061). Total misoprostol dose and history of abortion were parameters that affected induction to delivery period (P = 0.002 and P = 0.041). Using an optimum cutoff of 36 mm, 58.2% sensitivity and 68.2% specificity were obtained. In addition, positive and negative learn more predictive values were 85.36% and 33.3%, respectively. Pregnant women whose preinduction cervical length was shorter than 36 mm had a shorter induction time and needed a lower total misoprostol dose to achieve TOP than women with a cervical length longer than 36 mm (P = 0.027 and P = 0.011, respectively).


Transvaginal measurement of cervical length before administration of prostaglandin analogue was not correlated with successful TOP within 24 h. It cannot be used as a predictor in light of our findings.”
“Hypothesis: Mechanical stimulation through a cochlear third window into the scala tympani in a chinchilla model with normal and fixed stapes can generate cochlear responses equivalent to acoustic stimuli.

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