Five-week-old birds showed darker and redder breast meat with higher ultimate pH (pHu), less cook loss, and higher processing cook yield at temperatures below -8 degrees C compared with warmer temperatures and with 6-wk-old birds exposed to similar
temperatures. No difference in meat quality was observed between the 2 ages at temperatures below -14 degrees C. Males had a greater decrease in CBT and had breast meat with higher pHu compared with females. The 2-h lairage resulted in darker breast meat with higher pHu at exposure temperatures below -14 degrees C and with higher water-binding capacity and processing cook yield at temperatures below -11 degrees C. A high (>57%) incidence of dark, firm, and dry breast meat [ pH >6.1 and L* (lightness) PCI-34051 concentration <46] was observed PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitor 3 mouse at temperatures
below -14 degrees C. A 2-h lairage resulted in an additional 20% increase in the incidence of dark, firm, and dry meat at temperatures below -8 degrees C. Results of this study showed that older birds coped better with extreme cold conditions compared with younger birds. Furthermore, it would be beneficial to limit the length of lairage before processing after exposure to acute cold to improve bird welfare and reduce meat quality defects.”
“This paper briefly describes a dental intervention within the Alaska Native population to reduce early childhood dental disease, the challenges faced in conducting the research, and the lessons learned. The American Indian/Alaska Native populations share a disproportionate burden of childhood dental disease compared to their majority counterparts. Despite the gains in oral health for the general population not all groups have equally benefited. Even recently, severe dental disease was found within >60% of young Alaska Native children. There have been few intervention studies to reduce dental disease in Alaska
Natives or their children. One study aimed at reducing dental disease in very young children via an intervention directed at the pregnant woman. Several challenges, anticipated and unanticipated, were faced in the development and conduct Immunology & Inflammation inhibitor of the intervention. These challenges and the resulting lessons learned are presented here.”
“Photocatalytic degradation of phenol has been investigated using a laboratory reactor and UV-A lamp (BLB) and different commercial catalysts: TiO(2)PC500 fixed on cellulose paper (Ahlstrom paper) and TiO2 (Degussa P25) on stainless steel or conducting glass. Thin layers of TiO2 on glass and stainless steel were prepared by electrophoretic deposition. Phenol and by-products were monitored by HPLC system equipped with a phenyl column and PDA detector. The effects of various operating parameters such as initial concentration of phenol (100-500 mu mol L-1), initial pH (2.0-10.0) and addition of inorganic oxidants (H2O2,S2O82-) were evaluated on Ahlstrom paper.