Due to the long life of hydrocarbons in certain shoreline types,

Due to the long life of hydrocarbons in certain shoreline types, it is imperative that severe measures are taken to address the problem early in the accident(s), at national and international levels, so the impact on marine ecosystems and shoreline populations is mitigated or prevented. Post-spill monitoring of key environmental parameters is therefore crucial to monitor the normal shoreline recovery procedures (Doerffer, 1992, De La Huz et al., BMS-354825 cost 2005 and Kirby and Law, 2010). The main conclusion of this work is that the three-step method proposed in this paper allows the definition of regions

of higher susceptibility and hazard in case on an oil spill in confined marine basins. The three-step method can be summarised as follows: (1) Step 1 – bathymetric,

geomorphological, geological and oceanographic parameters from the region surrounding the oil spill should be considered as Afatinib research buy key parameters controlling the dispersion of oil slicks. The compilation of oil spill hazard maps is important to a successful response to oil spill accidents in their early stage. This is because areas of intense urbanization, or environmentally sensitive zones, require an accurate management from civil protection authorities in the very first hours after an oil spill. In the case of an oil spill in deep offshore areas, real-time oceanographic and meteorological data will be paramount to model the Glutamate dehydrogenase path and dispersion rates of oil slicks. As a corollary of this work, the two scenarios modelled show that sea bottom irregularities controlled by the geological structure, as well as coastline morphology and geology, have important impacts on oil spill spreading and dispersion in confined marine basins. In all models, a final factor to consider is the coupling between the direction of shallow sea currents, wind and wave during rough weather conditions. Changing wind conditions can be an important factor and should

be taken into account in oil spill models, as they can allow the movement of oil slicks without affecting the shoreline. Similarly, the effect of the Stoke drift when of rough sea state conditions has to be taken into account, especially close to the shoreline. This work has been co-financed by the EU Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection under Grant Agreement No. 638494/2012/ECHO/A5/SUB – Project “Embracing Innovation for Preparedness in Civil Protection & Marine Pollution”. The authors thank MPB’s editor and an anonymous reviewer for their constructive comments. “
“With nearly half the world’s population now living within 100 km of the coast it is no wonder that the coastal ocean is heavily impacted by human activities on land, along the coast and on the sea. The continental margins are home to some of the most productive and diverse ecosystems in the world, which are of very high value to us – not least in an economic sense, providing a wide range of valuable ecosystem services.

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